Notice: This website was a student project from 2009 and is no longer actively maintained. I’ve left these resources archived, but be warned they may be out of date or no longer relevant.

If you’re looking for more current information from Jessica Mevius, OTR, MOT, you can go to my private practice website — Therapy Squared (


Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)

Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)


The tool can be used to methodically assess mental status and can be used to reassess changes in cognitive status. It is an 11-question measure that tests five areas of cognitive function:

  • Orientation
  • Retention
  • Attention
  • Recall
  • Language

The maximum possible score is 30. If a score of 23 or lower is calculated this is indicative of cognitive impairment. The MMSE takes only 5-10 minutes to administer and is therefore practical to use repeatedly and routinely.

Intended Population

The MMSE is effective as a screening tool for cognitive impairment with older adults and has been a successful tool used as the cognitive component during an elder driver assessment. MMSE also identifies psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations as useful areas for this tool.

Where to Obtain

The MMSE is published by:

Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR), Inc.
16204 N. Florida Avenue, Lutz, FL 33549
(800) 331-8378 (813) 449-4066

Can be purchased at:

Also available in PDF versions accessible through Google searches, however these may have been modified and it is probably a safer bet to purchase through PAR. The kit is $130 and if you only need the a packet of forms they can be purchase for around $56.

Who is originally responsible for this Tool?

Folstein, M.F., Folstein, SE., McHugh, P.R. (1975). “Mini-Mental State”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research; 12,196-198.

Assessment Comparison Matrix

Overwhelmed by all of the choices and assessment varieties? Included is a handy reference chart that will help in the decision making process.

Assessment Comparison Matrix