Professional Project: Jessica Mevius, OT Graduate Student
For the aging population, one of the most important occupations is maintaining independence through mobility for as long as possible.
Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)
The tool can be used to methodically assess mental status and can be used to reassess changes in cognitive status. It is an 11-question measure that tests five areas of cognitive function:
The maximum possible score is 30. If a score of 23 or lower is calculated this is indicative of cognitive impairment. The MMSE takes only 5-10 minutes to administer and is therefore practical to use repeatedly and routinely.
The MMSE is effective as a screening tool for cognitive impairment with older adults and has been a successful tool used as the cognitive component during an elder driver assessment. MMSE also identifies psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations as useful areas for this tool.
Where to Obtain
The MMSE is published by:
Psychological Assessment Resources (PAR), Inc.
16204 N. Florida Avenue, Lutz, FL 33549
(800) 331-8378 (813) 449-4066
Can be purchased at: http://www.minimental.com/
Also available in PDF versions accessible through Google searches, however these may have been modified and it is probably a safer bet to purchase through PAR. The kit is $130 and if you only need the a packet of forms they can be purchase for around $56.
Who is originally responsible for this Tool?
Folstein, M.F., Folstein, SE., McHugh, P.R. (1975). “Mini-Mental State”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research; 12,196-198.